Контрольная работа по дисциплине «Английский язык» для ВСЭИ



Контрольная работа № 3

(только для заочной формы, сроком обучения 5 лет)

1. Вариант

 

  1. Подчеркните причастие I или II в следующих предложениях. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • Big companies have many managers heading different departments.
  • Hiring a new employer an employer can advertise a job in a newspaper.
  • The students must return all the books taken from the library.
  • Having lost the game the team felt upset.

 

  1. Закончите следующие предложения, используя соответствующую форму герундия или герундиальный оборот. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • This new magazine is worth … .
  • The teacher insisted on … .
  • The tourists felt tired after … .
  • The students finished…

 

  1. Определите форму и функцию инфинитива в данных предложениях. Подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • My father is saving money to buy a car.
  • People don’t like to be laughed at.
  • I remember to have met this man at the meeting.
  • Where is Boris? – He must be preparing for his exams.

 

  1. Употребите инфинитив, данный в скобках, в составе сложного дополнения. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • I expect you (to tell) me everything about this incident.
  • The teacher doesn’t consider Mike (to be) a good student.
  • Mother didn’t let her child (to watch TV) so late.
  • I thought him (to have taken part) in this sport competition.

 

  1. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на конструкцию сложное подлежащее. Подчеркните данную конструкцию.
  • The members of the conference are reported to come to an agreement.
  • Elizabeth proved to be the best insurance inspector in her region.
  • The president is reported to be visiting Spain now.
  • The prices are sure to rise next year.

 

  1. Перепишите текст №1 и переведите его письменно на русский язык. Выпишите новые слова.
 
2. Вариант

 

  1. Подчеркните причастие I или II в следующих предложениях. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1) Do you know this young man speaking with a manager?

2) Having read the letter he decided to answer it immediately.

3) The work done by the student was really difficult.

4) Playing in the yard the children didn’t notice that it became dark.

 

  1. Закончите следующие предложения, используя соответствующую форму герундия или герундиальный оборот. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1) At the meeting they discussed different methods of … .

2) Nothing could prevent him from … .

3) This old monument needs … .

4) The professor objected to the students’ … .

 

  1. Определите форму и функцию инфинитива в данных предложениях. Подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1) The captain was the last to leave the ship.

2) I’m sorry to have kept you waiting.

3) Mr. Smith doesn’t like to be interrupted during his speech.

4) To pass the exams well one must work hard during the term.

  1. Употребите инфинитив, данный в скобках, в составе сложного дополнения. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1) I want all my friends (to be invited) to my 18 birthday.

2) Did you see the teacher (to enter the room).

3) We expect him (to be thinking) about what had happened yesterday.

4) The manager made the secretary (to type) the letter immediately.

 

  1. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на конструкцию сложное подлежащее. Подчеркните данную конструкцию.

1) Gerald Philips is known to have organized a big electronics company in 1891.

2) The foreign delegation is said to arrive next Monday.

3) Music is sure to be a universal language.

4) David seems to know Spanish very well.

 

  1. Перепишите текст №2 и переведите его письменно на русский язык. Выпишите новые слова.
 
3. Вариант

 

  1. Подчеркните причастие I или II в следующих предложениях. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • Studying the elements Mendeleyev found that they could be divided into 9 groups.

2) The explanation given by the teacher was not complete.

3) The books written by Dickens give us a realistic picture of the 19 century England.

4) People borrowing books from the library must return them in time.

 

  1. Закончите следующие предложения, используя соответствующую форму герундия или герундиальный оборот. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1) He improved his sport results by … .

2) I’m looking forward to … .

3) Children are usually fond of … .

4) She left the room without … .

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Определите форму и функцию инфинитива в данных предложениях. Подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1) It’s not an easy thing to learn a foreign language.

2) To play chess was his favorite pastime.

3) This is the book to be read during the summer holidays.

4)  I’m sorry to have spoiled your mood.

 

  1. Употребите инфинитив, данный в скобках, в составе сложного дополнения. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1) What made him (to change) his opinion?

2) We don’t consider her (to be) a good economist.

3) I felt somebody (to touch) my shoulder.

4) They supposed everybody (to have been informed) about the meeting.

 

  1. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на конструкцию сложное подлежащее. Подчеркните данную конструкцию.

1) Twenty people are reported to have been injured in this accident.

2) She was said to have learnt English in London.

3) They are likely to be living in Kiev now.

4) Music is believed to be a universal language.

 

  1. Перепишите текст №3 и переведите его письменно на русский язык. Выпишите новые слова.
4. Вариант

 

  1. Подчеркните причастие I или II в следующих предложениях. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1) A balsa tree found in the South Africa is lighter than any other tree.

2) Having got the necessary results the students stopped to make experiments.

3) The channel linking the two seas is being built now.

4) Being busy he couldn’t attend an important international football match.

 

  1. Закончите следующие предложения, используя соответствующую форму герундия или герундиальный оборот. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1) Every summer I look forward to … .

2) The police were informed of … .

3) Mary changed her mind after … .

4) This problem isn’t worth … .

 

  1. Определите форму и функцию инфинитива в данных предложениях. Подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1) Nature has many secrets to be discovered yet.

2) What is more pleasant: to give or to be given presents?

3) To improve your phonetics you should record your speech and listen to it.

4) I’m sorry to have interrupted you.

  1. Употребите инфинитив, данный в скобках, в составе сложного дополнения. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1) They saw a young woman (to cross) the road on the red light.

2) His parents want him (to think) globally and (to act) globally.

3) We were happy (to have passed) all the exams successfully.

4) The boss made the secretary (to send) the fax immediately.

 

  1. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на конструкцию сложное подлежащее. Подчеркните данную конструкцию.

1) Ten people were reported to have been injured in this accident.

2) They are likely to be working at the new business plan now.

3) She seemed to know German perfectly.

4) The French delegation is reported to arrive next week.

 

  1. Перепишите текст №1 и переведите его письменно на русский язык. Выпишите новые слова.
5. Вариант

 

  1. Подчеркните причастие I или II в следующих предложениях. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • Not knowing the address I couldn’t write a letter to my distant relatives.
  • The holiday called Thanksgiving Day is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November.
  • Forbidden fruit is sweet.
  • Having signed all the documents the boss began to make telephone calls.

 

  1. Закончите следующие предложения, используя соответствующую форму герундия или герундиальный оборот. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • This scientific magazine is worth… .
  • The film was so funny, we couldn’t help… .
  • The arrested man was suspected of … .
  • She cursed herself for not … .

 

  1. Определите форму и функцию инфинитива в данных предложениях. Подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • The secretary was the first to raise the question at the meeting.
  • Linda seems to have lost a lot of weight.
  • I’ve done all I could to help him.
  • What is better – to give or to be given presents?

 

  1. Употребите инфинитив, данный в скобках, в составе сложного дополнения. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • They expected the telegram (to bring) in two hours.
  • When I entered the hall I saw them (to discuss) the new business plan.
  • The doctor prescribed the medicine (to take) every 4 hours.
  • We suppose John (to help) us with building.

 

  1. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на конструкцию сложное подлежащее. Подчеркните данную конструкцию.
  • Our hockey team is expected to win the game.
  • The construction of this plant was supposed to have been finished.
  • They are believed to be going sightseeing in Moscow.
  • She is sure to have passed the exams successfully

 

  1. Перепишите текст №2 и переведите его письменно на русский язык. Выпишите новые слова.

 

 

6. Вариант

 

  1. Подчеркните причастие I или II в следующих предложениях. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • A penny saved is a penny gained.
  • A drawning man will catch at a straw.
  • Having lost all his fortune he lived on the generosity of other people.
  • He could travel all over the world knowing five languages.

 

  1. Закончите следующие предложения, используя соответствующую форму герундия или герундиальный оборот. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • In spite of … he stayed at home.
  • I can’t get used to … with the light on.
  • This program is worth…
  • He can’t stand…

 

  1. Определите форму и функцию инфинитива в данных предложениях. Подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • He hates to be asked so many questions.
  • How lucky she is to have traveled all over the world.
  • They are glad to have done the work in time.
  • It was natural for him to speak much.

 

  1. Употребите инфинитив, данный в скобках, в составе сложного дополнения. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • Don’t let the children (to play) in the street.
  • He made us (to laugh) at his funny story.
  • We expect this problem (to discuss) at today’s meeting.
  • I know of his (to pass) all the exams successfully last year.

 

  1. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на конструкцию сложное подлежащее. Подчеркните данную конструкцию.
  • She seems to have forgotten something.
  • Harrison is expected to arrive from London tomorrow.
  • His cousin is said to have been learning French since 5.
  • The construction of a new bank is believed to be finished in 2 years.

 

  1. Перепишите текст №3 и переведите его письменно на русский язык. Выпишите новые слова.

 

 

7. Вариант

 

  1. Подчеркните причастие I или II в следующих предложениях. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • Lost time is never found again.
  • Money kept in this bank is reliably protected.
  • Entering into the burning house the fireman saw an old woman.
  • Being upset he couldn’t concentrate on his thoughts.

 

 

 

  1. Закончите следующие предложения, используя соответствующую форму герундия или герундиальный оборот. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • In spite of … money he gambled it.
  • The engineers were very close to … of this problem.
  • This problem is worth… .
  • When watching this program I can’t help … .

 

  1. Определите форму и функцию инфинитива в данных предложениях. Подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • Why don’t you make your son prepare his lessons well?
  • I remember to have met this man at the Picture Gallery.
  • It was wise of him to discuss the matter in a very detail.
  • The idea was too complicated to be expressed in one sentence.

 

  1. Употребите инфинитив, данный в скобках, в составе сложного дополнения. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • I don’t believe him (to make) such a terrible mistake.
  • We considered them (to buy) the tickets beforehand.
  • I know her (to write) a new book now.
  • The teacher made the students (to solve) the problem without her help.

 

  1. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на конструкцию сложное подлежащее. Подчеркните данную конструкцию.
  • Smith is believed to know three languages.
  • The surgeons are supposed to be making an important operation now.
  • The telegram is said to be delivered in an hour.
  • She is known to be very good at playing tennis.

 

  1. Перепишите текст №1 и переведите его письменно на русский язык. Выпишите новые слова.

 

 
8. Вариант

 

  1. Закончите следующие предложения, употребив причастие I или II. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • Not knowing the address I couldn’t write a letter to my distant relatives.
  • Having signed all the documents the boss began to make telephone calls.
  • Being built two centuries ago the building looked old and miserable.
  • Barking dog never bites.

 

  1. Закончите следующие предложения, используя соответствующую форму герундия или герундиальный оборот. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • My friends insisted on … .
  • The arrested man was suspected of … .
  • In spite of … he stayed at home.
  • He can’t stand people … .

 

 

 

  1. Определите форму и функцию инфинитива в данных предложениях. Подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • There are 2 problems to be discussed of the meeting/
  • How lucky she is to have traveled all over the world.
  • It’s really a pleasure to be listening to classical music.
  • I think to have met this man at the Picture Gallery.

 

  1. Употребите инфинитив, данный в скобках, в составе сложного дополнения. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • We suppose John (to help) us with building.
  • He made us (to laugh) at his funny story.
  • I know of his (to pass) all the exams successfully last year.
  • We considered them (to buy) the tickets beforehand.

 

  1. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на конструкцию сложное подлежащее. Подчеркните данную конструкцию.
  • She is known to have been playing tennis since childhood.
  • They are said to be going sightseeing in Moscow.
  • Harrison is expected to arrive from London tomorrow.
  • The construction of a new bank is believed to be finished in 2 years.

 

  1. Перепишите текст №2 и переведите его письменно на русский язык. Выпишите новые слова.

 

9. Вариант

 

  1. Закончите следующие предложения, употребив причастие I или II. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • The holiday called Thanksgiving Day is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November.
  • Having lost all his fortune he lived on the generosity of other people.
  • Lost time is never found again.
  • Entering into the burning house the fireman saw an old woman.

 

  1. Закончите следующие предложения, используя соответствующую форму герундия или герундиальный оборот. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • Our new teacher is used to … .
  • This new film is worth…
  • In spite of … money he gambled it.
  • When watching this program I can’t help … .

 

  1. Определите форму и функцию инфинитива в данных предложениях. Подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • Linda seems to have lost a lot of weight.
  • What is better – to give or to be given presents?
  • They are glad to have done the work in time.
  • It was wise of him to discuss the matter in a very detail.

 

  1. Употребите инфинитив, данный в скобках, в составе сложного дополнения. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • When I entered the hall I saw them (to discuss) the new business plan.
  • He was made (to take) his exam once more.
  • If you want them (to make) the work quickly, you should let them (to start) at once.
  • I know her (to write) a new book now.

 

  1. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на конструкцию сложное подлежащее. Подчеркните данную конструкцию.
  • Our hockey team is expected to win the game.
  • She is sure to have passed the exams successfully.
  • They are supposed to be playing golf now.
  • He seemed to have translated 5 articles yesterday.

 

  1. Перепишите текст №3 и переведите его письменно на русский язык. Выпишите новые слова.

 

10. Вариант

 

  1. Закончите следующие предложения, употребив причастие I или II. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • Forbidden fruit is sweet.
  • A penny saved is a penny gained.
  • He could travel all over the world knowing five languages.
  • Being upset he couldn’t concentrate on his thoughts.

 

  1. Закончите следующие предложения, используя соответствующую форму герундия или герундиальный оборот. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • I always enjoy …
  • My parents are used to … .
  • Your hair needs …
  • After long time they eventually succeeded in … a good flat.

 

  1. Определите форму и функцию инфинитива в данных предложениях. Подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • I’ve done all I could to help him.
  • He hates to be asked so many questions.
  • It was natural for him to speak much.
  • The idea was too complicated to be expressed in one sentence.

 

  1. Употребите инфинитив, данный в скобках, в составе сложного дополнения. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
  • The doctor prescribed the medicine (to take) every 4 hours.
  • Don’t let the children (to play) in the street.
  • We expect this problem (to discuss) at today’s meeting.
  • I don’t believe him (to make) such a terrible mistake.

 

  1. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на конструкцию сложное подлежащее. Подчеркните данную конструкцию.
  • The construction of this plant was supposed to have been finished.
  • His cousin is said to have been learning French since 5.
  • Smith is believed to know three languages.
  • She is known to be very good at computing.

 

  1. Перепишите текст №1 и переведите его письменно на русский язык. Выпишите новые слова.

 

Текст №1

 

Famous Psychologists

Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was born on May 6, 1856, in a small town Freiberg. His father was a wool merchant with a keen mind and a good sense of humor. His mother was a lively woman, her husband’s second wife and 20 years younger. She was 21 years old when she gave birth to her first son, Sigmund. Sigmund had two older half-brothers and six younger siblings. When he was four or five the family moved to Vienna, where he lived most of his life.

A brilliant child, always at the head of his class, he went to medical school, where he became involved in research under the direction of a physiology professor Ernst Brücke. Brücke believed in reductionism: «No other forces than the common physical-chemical ones are active within the organism».

Freud concentrated on neurophysiology, but only a limited number of positions at the university were available. Brücke helped him to get a grant to study, first with the great psychiatrist Charcot in Paris, then with Bernheim. Both these gentlemen were investigating the use of hypnosis with hysterics.

After spending a short time as a neurologist and director of a children’s ward in Berlin, he came back to Vienna, married his patient fiancee Martha Bernays, and set up a practice in neuropsychiatry, with the help of Joseph Breuer.

Freud’s books and lectures brought him both fame and ostracism from the traditional medical community. He collected around him a number of very bright students who became the core of the psychoanalytic movement. Unfortunately, Freud rejected people who did not totally agree with him. Some separated from him on friendly terms; others did not, and continued research to found competing schools of thought.

Freud emigrated to England just before World War II when Vienna became an increasing dangerous place for Jews, especially ones as famous as Freud. Not long afterward, he died of the cancer of the mouth and jaw that he had suffered from for the last 20 years of his life.

 

 

Текст №2

 

Famous Psychologists

Jung, Carl Gustav (1875-1961)

He was born on July 26, 1875, in Kesswil, Switzerland, in the family of a Protestant clergyman. After graduating in medicine in 1902 from the universities of Basel and Zurich, with a wide background in biology, zoology, palaeontology, and archaeology, he began his work on word association, in which a patient’s responses to stimulus words revealed what Jung called «complexes» — a term that has since become universal. These studies brought him international fame and led him to a close collaboration with Freud.

With the publication of Psychology of the Unconscious (1912), however, Jung declared his independence from Freud’s narrowly sexual interpretation of the libido by showing the close parallels between ancient myths and psychotic fantasies and by explaining human motivation in terms of a larger creative energy. He gave up the presidency of the International Psychoanalytic Society and founded a movement called analytical psychology.

During his remaining 50 years Jung developed his theories, drawing on a wide knowledge of mythology and history; on his travels to diverse cultures in New Mexico, India, and Kenya; and especially, on the dreams and fantasies of his childhood. In 1921 he published a major work, Psychological Types, in which he dealt with the relationship between the conscious and unconscious and proposed the now well-known personality types – extrovert and introvert.

He later made a distinction between the personal unconscious, or the repressed feelings and thoughts developed during an individual’s life, and the collective unconscious, or those inherited feelings, thoughts, and memories shared by all humanity. The collective unconscious, according to Jung, is made up of what he called «archetypes». These correspond to such experiences as confronting death or choosing a mate and manifest themselves symbolically in religions, myths, fairy tales, and fantasies.

Jung wrote many works on analytical methods and the relationships between psychotherapy and religious belief. He died on June 6, 1961.

 

 

Текст №3

 

Learning By Heart

Some people have good memories, and can learn easily long poems by heart. But they often forget them as quickly as they learn them. There are other people who can only remember things when they repeat them many times, and then they don’t forget them.

Charles Dickens, the famous English author, said he could walk down any long street in London and then tell you the name of every shop he had passed. Many of the great men of the world have had wonderful memories.

A good memory is a good help in learning a language. Everybody learns his own language by remembering what he hears when he is a small child, and some children — like boys and girls who live abroad with their parents — seem to learn two languages almost as easily as one. In school it is not so easy to learn a second language because the pupils have so little time for it, and they are busy with other subjects as well.

The best way for most of us to remember things is to join them in our mind with something which we know already, or which we easily remember because we have a picture of it in our mind. That is why it is better to learn words in sentences, not by themselves; or to see, or do, or feel what a word means when we first use it.

The human mind is rather like a camera, but it takes photographs not only of what we see but of what we feel, hear, smell and taste. And there is much work to be done before we can make a picture remain forever in the mind.

Memory is the diary that we all carry about with us.

Нужна помощь
с дистанционным обучением?
Узнайте точную стоимость или получи консультацию по своему вопросу.
 

X